AskDefine | Define cutoff

Dictionary Definition

cutoff

Noun

1 a designated limit beyond which something cannot function or must be terminated
2 a route shorter than the usual one [syn: shortcut, crosscut]
3 a device that terminates the flow in a pipe

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Alternative spellings

Noun

  1. The point at which something terminates or to which it is limited
  2. A road, path of channel that provides a shorter or quicker path; a shortcut
  3. A device that stops the flow of a current
  4. A cessation in a flow or activity
  5. In the context of "poker|uncountable": The second to last player to act in Texas hold 'em

Extensive Definition

This article is about physics. For other uses of the term cutoff, see cutoff (disambiguation).
In theoretical physics, cutoff is the maximal or minimal value of energy, momentum, or length, so that the objects with even larger or smaller values than these physical quantities are ignored. It is usually represented within a particular energy or length scale, such as Planck units.
An infrared cutoff (long-distance cutoff) is the minimal value of energy - or, equivalently, the maximal wavelength (usually a very large distance) - that we take into account. On the contrary, an ultraviolet cutoff is the maximal allowed energy or the shortest allowed distance (usually a very short length scale). If some quantities are computed as integrals over energy or another physical quantity, these cutoffs determine the limits of integration. The exact physics is reproduced when the appropriate cutoffs are sent to zero or infinity. However, these integrals are often divergent - see IR divergence and UV divergence - and a cutoff is needed. The dependence of physical quantities on the chosen cutoffs (especially the ultraviolet cutoffs) is the main focus of the theory of renormalization group.

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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